International Congress of Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry

EARLY INTERVENTIONS ON MALOCCLUSION: WHY IT DIMINISHS THE PREVALENCE OF VISION PROBLEMS?

 There is a close relation between stomatognathic system formation and the dynamic formation of orbita shape and volume. During prenatal development, the maxilla starts off as two centers of ossification: the premaxilla and the palatal process of the maxilla. They fuse at the premaxillary suture and superiorly up, around, the nasal cavity terminating on the frontal process, forming part of orbita floor. Beside bone relation that is also a strict connection between trigeminal and oculomotor systems. These interrelationship makes patients that present malocclusions more prone to specific ophthalmological problems. The presence of different types of malocclusions can multiply the chance of children develop Myopia, Hyperopia, Strabism, Astigmatism and other vision problems. Since the orbita shape is finished around 7 YO, early intervention on malocclusion is crucial to prevent the enhancement of the prevalence of vision problems.

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